Thursday, 30 October 2008

The Summary of Arakan Liberation Party(ALP)

Emergence of Arakan Liberation Party

In December 1784, Burmese worriers illegally annexed the Rakhing Kingdom and they destroyed huge cultural heritage and wealth.Since then, the Rakhing Kingdom became a protectorate under Burmese colonialists.

Later, the lives of Rakhing people have deteriorated day by day because of Burmese imperialist oppression. Nevertheless, the firm imprint of the past history of the glorious Rakhing Kingdom still remains in their mind.
The Rakhing peolpe have serious aspirations to restore their own sovereignty that even lost for over the past 20 decades. This aspiration can never be remove from the heart of Rakhaing nationals. Inspired with patriotism, generation by generation,Rahkaing people are continuouAdd Imagesly struggling againt the Burmese imperialists for the liberation of Rakhing Nation and nationals from the yoke of colonial slavery.
Due to brutal oppression by the Burmese successive imperalist rulers, Rakhaing nationals are still uneducated, poor and undeveloped despite long duration of the Rakhaing revolution of resistance to the Burmese colonialists since 1784. However, the indorn spiritual power of Rakhaing people has not been effaced.
This power inspired the emergence of Arakan liberation Party (ALP) that was successfully established at hlaing Township in rangoon on 9th April 1967. A 15- member Central Committee of the ALP was unanimously made up an active group of Rakhaing patriot youths. And Mr.Khaing Pray Thein was the first President of ALP.

The First Movement of ALP

ALP first obtained an agreement of assistance the Karan National Union (KNU) to from the Arakan Liberation Army (ALA), an armed-wing of ALP.Then on 26th November 1969 while ALP person were trying to do organizing people, recruiting manpower and collecting arms & ammutions, the Burmese army arrested Mr. Khiang Ray khaing, Central Committee member of ALP along with ( associates at Sittwe, the capital of Arakan state in Burma for the first time.
Later, on 2nd december 1968 Mr. Khaing Soe naing, General Secretary of ALP was also aressted by the Burmese army at Rathedaung township, Rakhaing stste in Burma.
After those arrests, Mr.Khaing Moe Linn, Asst. General Secretary and some other member of ALP were also arrested in Rangoon. In point of fast, only Mr.Khaing Pray Thein, President of ALP remained inthe KNU area.As a result, the party's organizing & political activities were totally stopped.
The imperialist enemy oppressed and tartured caotives in various manners in prison. Fortunately, although they were held in captivity for years, they were eventually set free from prison.

*The Second Formation of ALP

In 1971-72 the capitives were respectively released from prison under consideration of amnesty. As soon as he was discharged from prison, Mr. Khaing Moe Linn left for Kumura to meet KNU leaders in order to re-form ALP & ALA.
In 1973-74 ,the ALP & ALa headed by Mr.Khaing Moe Linn could be re-fromed by the help of KNU President Mhan Ba San and General Mya. Mr. Khaing Ba Kyaw was General Secretary of ALP at thet time. In spite of various hindrances & diffculties, within two years, over 300 cadres of ALA personnel were gwthered and received the political & military training.
In June 1976, 120 strength of ALP column steered by Mr. Khaing Moe linn, President of ALP and Chief commander of ALA, made a long march to the Fatherland, Rakhaingpray(Arakan Nation).
After passing through Thai-Burma border, Karen state, Karenni state, Shan state, Kachin state & Sagaing division inside Burma, the ALP troops entered between chin state of Burma and Manipur state of India. In April & may 1977 they faced confrontation with the Indo-Burmese armies and strated gunfire with them there.Throughout the long march in China, they had to open fore with the said armies more than 20 heavy gun-battles.
Due to more than 20 heavy gunfights, ALP troops were split up into small groups and then over ten soldiers of ALA including President Khaing Moe Linn were killed, around fifty arrested, nearly forty laid down their arms to Indian and Burmese armies, and over twenty lost on the way during those heavy gun-battles respectively.
from the arrest & surrender of ALP soldiers, over 30 were brutally shot death by the Burmese army without trial and 54 were court-martialed and charged with State rebellion case under Artcle no. 122(1) & (2). Of them,11 people were sentenced to death and the rest 43 to life imprisonment. In this time also, all activities of the party such as political, militry and organizing etc. were absolutely stopped again.

*The Third Formation of ALP

In 1980 ,all ALP personnel were released from Mandalay Jail under consideration of amnesty. In 1981, ALP & ALA headed by existing President Khaing Ray Khaing was re-formed in Komura area where the KNU special regiment (101) stationed. ALP got some assistance from the KNU. Now we (ALP) are joing hands in good co-operation with KNU, National Democratic Front (NDF)
and then actively working in Arakan (Rakhaingpray) & along the borders such as Thai-Burma. Indo -Arakan and Bangla-Arakan bordering areas.

*The So-called Union of Burma

On 4th January 1984, burmese bacame an independent state from the British according to the unity of all nationalities and the basic principles of the Panglong Agreement adopted by General Aung San and nationalities, leaders.Although they had agreed to build the genuine federal Union that all nationalities must have equal right of their respective nationals politically, the so-called Union of Burma was constituted and states power has been monopolized by the majority of Burmese ruling classes since independence. They (Burmese rulers) always deny giving for national rights of other nationalities and accepting for yje Panglong Agreement that was made on 12th February 1947.
When Burma was occupied by the Japanese, Rakhaing national leaders and entire Rakhaing people organized armed-resistance to the Japanese with sacrificing of numerous lives. When the British re-entered after the Janpanese with sacrificing of numerous lives. When the British re-entered after the Japanese Fascist had been driven out, the Rakhaing people joined hands with all other nationalities in the struggle of independence. In this struggle ,Rakhaing never put up their national interest only in the front , but always worked for the liberation of entire Burma.Nevertheless, under as Myanmar, The Rakhaing people who carried the heritage of an Independent Kingdom were not given even an autonomous stste.
Due to those circumstances above-mentioned, more than 50-year-long civil war, which deteriorates the political stabilites and economic development , has been going on. In 1962 , General Ne Win captured state power in military coup and also his descendant General Saw Maung seized again by that way in 1988. Yet, they couldn't implement their plans and only day by day due to the oppressive imperialists and military dictatorship.

*The Stand of ALP

The ALP believed that the current crisis in Burma will carry to the Independent in or genuine Federal Union, which is the goal of all nationalities. However, the Burmese military so far.
The ALP therefore hopes that it will be no longer to restore democracy & human right in Burma if democracy-loving countries' forces help us in every kinds of way.

*The Goal

*TO regain sovereign power of Rakhaingpray (Arakan Nation) that lost in 1784.

The Aims & Objectives

* To establish an Independent State of Rakhaing Republic in which must be guarantee for national freedom & human development of entire people living together within the Fatherland (Rakhaingpray); and

* To build neo-life of entire people within the Fatherland in which must be the full democracy ,Unity,
peace & development without exploitation.

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